hurricane vs zero
A hurricane is a tropical cyclone. The Spitfire, Hurricane, and Fw-190, with their “vertical” landing gear and heavier structures, fared much better. P-39 vs Zero Prev Next . Shortly before the Battle of Britain began, a practice air raid had been arranged between a Spitfire squadron and a Hurricane squadron. No less than 27 British aircraft were claimed by the Zeros in this sortie, including 15 Hawker Hurricanes and four Fairey Fulmars, for the loss of just one Zero (Okumiya et al, 1957 pp. He died taking a leading role in the 1944 Cowra POW camp breakout attempt. The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the 1930s–40s that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd. for service with the Royal Air Force (RAF). Tactics of Japanese "Tony" Type Fighter 1. 2; Gill, 1968 p. 22). Two 7.62 mm guns and two 20 mm cannon with 120 rpg. I believe the beating left Horikoshi hospitalized Leave A Reply. Powerplant: Pratt and Whitney R 1830-86 Twin Wasp 14 cylinders, air cooled radial, 1200 hp driving a three-bladed variable pitch propeller. These required the cockpit to be moved 32 inches (81 cm) aft and the fuel tanks re-positioned. Thruelsen, in his authoritative Grumman story, notes that excess weight was a major consideration long before the Akutan Zero was found in 1942. He also said that the his fellow sailors were all saddened at the state of the pilot, horribly shot in the legs and extremely frightened. Most of the few remaining myths were dispelled when the new Grumman F6F Hellcat was first deployed in action 31 August 1943, and the remainder were firmly nailed after the 19-20 June 1944 “Great Marianas Turkey Shoot”. The American tests put to the sword dozens of swirling myths, rumours and exaggerations. Wing span: 38 ft (11.6 m); Length: 28.75(8.8 m); Height: 11.8 ft (3.6 m); Weight empty: 5760 lb (2613 kg); Weight loaded: 7952 lb (3560 kg); Performance: V(max) 422 knots; Max cruise 280 knots; Service ceiling 34,900 feet; Range 770 miles. Was the Zero faster than its American contemporaries? United States Naval Institute: Annapolis. However, a well flown Hurricane would be unpursuable by a Zero given that the Zero sucks balls diving and rolling at speed, AND the Hurricane more likely than not will outclimb it as well. USMC Corsairs, operating from tiny escort carriers were most effective. Tillmann, B. Midway: Dauntless victory. He said no one could understand him but he will never forget his eyes. One of a three-plane section from HIJMS Ryujo, the Zero lost oil pressure after taking ground fire during one of the Dutch Harbor raids (Aleutian Islands, Alaska). Power to weight ratio wise, and in turns of turning ability, the Zero has a very clear edge over the Hurricane. http://www.americanheritage.com/articles/magazine/it/, http://www.j-aircraft.com/faq/pearl_harbor.htm, http://www.pacificwrecks.com/aircraft/a6m2/4593.html (December 2010), http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akutan_Zero (December 2010). Fall 1997, Vol 13/2. There were some less than well-informed claims that these Zero evaluation trials were responsible for massive design changes in those Pacific Ocean scourges, the Vought F4U Corsair and the Grumman F6F Hellcat (Okumiya et al, 1957 p.179). I tell myself they hoped against hope for a short war. A hurricane is tropical cyclone that is characterized by thunderstorms, strong winds and heavy rains. Fuchida, M. and M. Okumiya. Today, most people view both the Hurricane and Spitfire as some of the best WWII-era fighter aircraft ever made. In hindsight it seems inconceivable. Zero: the story of the Japanese navy air force 1937-1945. Brilliant decryption and misinformation intelligence work, chiefly by the USN’s CMDR Joseph Rochefort in Hawaii and Australian CMDR Eric Nave in Melbourne and Brisbane, allowed ADML Nimitz to ignore the Aleutian feint and instead concentrate on the Midway-bound thrust (Smith, 2007 pp. Pen and Sword Maritime: Barnsley. Gill 1968, pp. 1990. 2001. In fact, the Akutan Zero appeared far too late for any major weight-saving or other influence on these aircraft designs. Unfortunately, Rearden seems to have failed to resolve which specific parts were not genuine. But even the slow poke 348 mph Ki 43-IIIa Oscar was faster and more numerous than the A6M7 (about 1000 vs 150 made). Similarly, if the somersault and subsequent rough handling was sufficient to warp the airframe or severely damage the engine, then the test data might under-value the production aircraft’s true potential. Evidently not. 266-282). Not long after, he was rewarded with the feedback, “It works”. When they met “proper” pilots in “proper” aircraft, would they not get their comeuppance? Also unresolved is the relatively minor issue of whether all propeller blades were beaten back into shape, or if one propeller blade or even an entirely new Hamilton Standard three-bladed propeller was substituted in the Akutan Zero at NAS North Island. Cassell and Company: London. The A6M Zero was great since conquering 12 million square miles of territory couldn’t have been done without it. LCDR Eddie R Sanders USN flies the Akutan Zero in American colours, Sand Diego, September 1942. 97-102). Hurricane Laura pounding the Gulf Coast with 150 mph winds. Rearden, J. Koga’s Zero: An enemy plane that saved American lives. The strength of a hurricane is measured from 1 to 5 on a scale. Public Domain. The basic design never changed, but later production runs incorporated modifications such as wingtip folding, more powerful engines and stronger bomb racks. 15,000ft; Hurricane can out-perform Zero above 15 - 20,000 ft in all parameters, speed, rate of climb, acceleration. Typical low cloud with poor visibility greeted the Japanese aircraft over Dutch Harbor on 3-4 June. Taxying out for a training flight in February 1945, a Curtis SB2C Helldiver over-ran it and “chopped the fuselage to pieces”. By the time of the Dutch Harbor raids, the Zero possessed a fearsome reputation. Morison, S.E. Get the facts right. No. McGraw-Hill: New York. Virtually unknown to the allies before Pearl Harbor, the Zero entered the Pacific fight with a better than 12:1 kill ratio. The A6M3 Type O Model 32, introduced in April 1942, had an 1130 hp Sakai 21 engine with a two-speed supercharger, but only 343 were built. By 1942 these lightly damaged Zeros were being rebuilt into one machine (serial number 3372). Its a case of tactics - if its a frontal, gentle turning combat, then the Hurricane has an advantage. Among RAF pilots, the Spitfire-vs.-Hurricane controversy went on and on, with no quarter given by either side. This might well suggest an impossibly large and unresolvable discrepancy, but all agree that, in this action: a. the Zeros initially were outnumbered more than 2:1; b. F4U vs Zero a6m-zero. As he tells and can continue to recount it since he is still alive. Many claim that all 27 Chinese fighters were destroyed, without a Zero lost, but this possibly includes a Polikarpov pair that crashed into a mountain during an evasive manoeuvre and unspecified others whose pilots might have bailed out without being hit (e.g., Okumiya et al, 1957 p.14). A hurricane is a type of tropical cyclonewith sustained winds that exceed 74 mph and accompanied by rain, thunder and lightning. Gill 1968, pp. Six .5 inch guns with 400 rpg or2 x 20 mm cannon with 225 rpg and 4 x .5 inch guns with 400 rpg. The Miami Hurricanes always seem to figure out a way to make waves with their uniforms. Bf-109 vs Zero a6m-zero. Hurricane Frances in 2004 was a Category 2 hurricane when it hit the west coast of Florida. Pretty good. Francillon, R.J. Japanese aircraft of the Pacific War, Mitsubishi A6M Reisen (Zero Fighter). New Guinea and the Marianas, March 1944-August 1944. vol. (The G-36 Martlet was one export version, FM-1 and FM-2 were F4Fs built by eastern Aircraft.). The 80th Fighter Squadron has twice encountered "Tony" type fighters in combat, both times in the vicinity of Bogadjin. Though more advanced than the RAF's existing types, the new Hawker Hurricane incorporated many tried and true construction techniques. University of Illinois Press: Champaign. Discuss the game between the No. His wheels dug in and he somersaulted as he touched down. The Miami Hurricanes always seem to figure out a way to make waves with their uniforms. If attacked by a Zero, the pilot should evade by diving steeply at full power and rolling right (Loomis, 1961 pp. The Zero had excellent roll control below 200 knots, right down to the stall, but the large servo-tab ailerons became progressively sluggish and almost impossibly heavy above 250 knots. Determine the difference between these 3 terms and here’s the answer. At dawn we slept: The untold story of Pearl Harbor. Basically the Hurricane needs to stick to boom n' zoom tactics and keep its speed up, otherwise the Zero will eat its breakfast for it. Find information on UNICEF’s humanitarian aid efforts for children in crisis. If Supermarine Spitfires had the Zero’s ferry range, they could have easily flown the 1140 miles from London to Malta without risking valuable aircraft carriers to deliver them in WW II. The first “Hosenose” F4U production model flew in June 1942 and deliveries to USN and USMC squadrons commenced towards the end of that year. First flown in April 1939, it proved to be agile, lightweight, hard-hitting and versatile. Handel, M. I. Max 330 kn; ferry range 1330 nm. 3.0 out of 5 stars Should have called it "Hurricane, Lightning, & Zero". The Armstrong Whitworth Whitley Mk V, a twin-engined bomber introduced to the RAF in 1939, had a range of only 1,430 nm (Angelucci, p. 262). Aiken, D. response 21 February 2001, http://www.j-aircraft.com/faq/pearl_harbor.htm. 2007. On 26 November 1941, two lost their way, ran short of fuel and executed precautionary landings on a Leizhou Peninsula beach. These were flown chiefly from NAS North Island CA and NAS Anacostia/Bolling AFB, Washington, DC. (Please excuse my sarcasm) Prange, G.W. Angelucci, E. The Rand McNally encyclopaedia of military aircraft. What was Japan thinking? Smith, P.C. He pulled away and crashed where the photos where taken. Once more, the Zero and Japanese naval pilots demonstrated their overwhelming superiority over both RAF Hurricanes and RAF pilots, despite their impeccable Battle of Britain credentials. Firstly, the Aleutians are noted for poor flying weather. Entering the Bay of Bengal in early April, Nagumo not only put ADML Sir James Somerville’s Eastern Fleet to flight, but also netted the RN aircraft carrier HMS Hermes, the two cruisers HMS Dorsetshire and Cornwall, the RAN’s HMAS Vampire and 30 other naval, naval auxiliary and civilian vessels, aggregating 151,000 tons; all for negligible Japanese losses (Fuchida and Okumiya, 1958 ch. The first Grumman F6F Hellcat flew on 26 June 1942 (Angelucci, 1990 p. 237; Thruelsen, 1976 p. 382) months before the Akutan Zero’s first test flight in USN colours. Another (Model 21, serial number 5349) had been retrieved from Australia’s Melville Island. Did American aircraft engineers quickly apply novel design features discovered in the Akutan Zero? Preager Publishers: New York. Others, (e.g. Reinforcing Chennault’s observations, he also found that the float-type carburettor starved the engine of fuel under negative G. All this information, with combat recommendations, were relayed to the fleet shortly after Sanders’s first flight (Technical Aviation Brief #3, 1942). Nice color plates but only side views. This was amply reinforced by the Akutan Zero’s test data from simulated adversary battles. In his mid nineties now I have had him tell me first account stories of the downing of this zero. As well as extending the Japanese reach up the Aleutian chain, Yamamoto aimed to draw American ships away from Midway, then crush them with a seven-battleship force in a “great decisive battle” as they returned (Fuchida and Okumiya, 1958 p. 49; Smith, 2007 p. 7-10). Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale: The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Wind Scale is a 1 to 5 categorization based on the hurricane's intensity at the indicated time. F-35 Lightning II vs Chengdu J-10; The game will be played at Wallace Wade Stadium in … Grumman F6F Hellcat (10.24 x 13.06 x 3.99), weight 9238-12598 lb (4199-5726 kg). LCDR Eddie R. Sanders USN flew the Akutan Zero for the first time in American colours on 20 September 1942. Category 3 hurricane: Devastating damage will occur In a Category 3 hurricane… The email address for your Ubisoft account is currently: We have sent you an e-mail to enable you to verify your email address. What is clear is that the investigation of the Akutan Zero, if nothing else, destroyed the Zero’s aura of invincibility. A hurricane can cause wind speed of 74mph to over 155mph, compared to a blizzard whose wind speeds are between 35mph and 45mph. 1976. The Chinese fled the fight (Ford, 2007 p. 28; Okumiya et al, 1957 p.14). They looked forward to the USN Pacific Fleet intervening (Fuchida and Okumiya, 1958 pp. On the other hand, although aircraft claims can be easily exaggerated (e.g., Ford, 2007 Preface ix-xiii), a small number of authors claim that “actual Chinese losses were 13 planes” (e.g., Ford, 2007 p. 28). The Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale sets categories for the relative strength of hurricanes that may impact the United States based on the sustained wind speed. kamikazi (fighter-bomber). Powerplant: Nakajima NK Sakae 12, (Mistral copy, built under licence from Gnome-Rhone) 14 cylinders air cooled radial, 940 hp, driving a three-bladed variable pitch Sumitomo propeller. Harper Collins: Smithsonian Books, 2007. The wind speeds of tornadoes range from 40 mph … And the Hellcat needed few modifications and practically no structural changes during its production lifetime. I fault the IJN brass for physically stopping Jiro’s engineers from powering the A6M5 with a sorely needed 1500 hp engine mid-war. As early as August 1940, Zeros routinely flew combat round trips of 1000 miles or more, deep into China. The Akutan Zero’s secrets were revealed only after a remarkable series of events. Is that it? Regarding speed, the Zero was certainly fast and nimble, but it had flaws. Debunking the myth: the rise and fall of the Zero By Fred Lane, (This article was first published in NOCN 84, 1 March 2011.). Were tactics to defeat the Zero first derived from simulated battles between American fighters and the Akutan Zero? After the ‘turkey shoot’ disaster the engineers were vindicated but it was too late. 1995. Designed by Jiro Horikoshi, the Japanese Navy’s Mitsubishi A6M2 Type 0 Model 21 was the definitive WW II Japanese fighter. One of the more highly trumpeted intelligence finds in WW II was a near-new Mitsubishi Zero A6M2 Type 0 Model 21 (serial number 4593) that crashed during its first operational flight on 4 June 1942. Having been disowned by Onigawara, he became an assistant in the Kuruma investigation unit. The Zero’s 1675 nm ferry range was far superior to any other fighter and many contemporary bombers. Zero is more controllable at low speeds, can turn tighter; Zero is faster under appx. Ford, D. Flying Tigers: Claire Chennault and his American volunteers, 1941-1942. In the Messerschmitt Bf 109 the Luftwaffe possessed possibly the World’s finest fighter aircraft at the beginning of the Second World War. 10 Miami Hurricanes and Duke Blue Devils in the thread below. Random House: New York, 1961. Given the Luftwaffe’s… It was superlative in all regards save one: range. In order to create threads, posts, and interact with the Ubisoft forums you need to have a Ubisoft account with a verified email address. Today, the 'Canes went back to an all-black look -- and it even has a name: Miami Nights 2.0. Mitsubishi constructed 3879, Nakajima built 6215 and other firms manufactured 844 trainer and floatplane variants (Okumiya et al, 1957 p. 350). Flown by Petty Officer Hajime Toyoshima, he was returning to HIJMS Hiryu from one of the first Darwin bombing raids on 19 February 1942. The aircraft engineers found a 19 February 1942 manufacturing date stamp confirming the machine was a valuable late A6M2 Model 21. He described it as nothing to be happy about, we were at war but this poor guy was trying to surrender and little more than a kid. They gained a reputation as superb dogfighting machines. Despite its low wing loading, early production Corsairs, with their comparatively poor over-the-nose visibility, vicious torque stalls and toey undercarriage, were condemned as too difficult to deck land. Verifying your email address also improves the security of your Ubisoft account, helps us provide you better support, and ensures you don't miss out on exclusive content, newsletters, and other special offers. The pilot was uninjured, but only a small number of instruments and other odd pieces are known to remain. The twin-row 14-cylinder engine was a close relative of the widely-licensed French Gnome-Rhone Mistral Major. It is an oceanic phenomenon. Having dusted up Darwin earlier, on 19 February, Nagumo repeated the exercise on 3 March, sinking about 30 ships at Tjilatjap, on the south coast of Java. 111 Squadron RAF before crashing during a forced landing in January 1939. All but the very early production aircraft had manual wing folding. Light up the grills, open the cooler and get ready for Hurricanes Gameday! Crated and delivered to Seattle on 1 August, it was transhipped to NAS North Island, San Diego, where it was restored to flying trim by 20 September (Technical Aviation Brief #3, 1942). Zero - by Greg_P Here is an original WII report from Clive "Killer" Caldwell about this very subject: Section 1: Fighter Tactics. P-38 vs Zero a6m-zero. 1957. Again, ground fire led to oil pressure failure, but this time his engine seized and shed its propeller. Then came the fall of the Zero. What was this valuable new Zero doing in Alaska’s Aleutian chain in June 1942? Unfortunately, the long, flat field chosen by Koga for his wheels-down landing was deceptive. Zeros were hit, but none lost in the melee; and. The Zero entered WW II as world-beater. 47-48). Except for Nationalist China’s Polikarpov I-16, the Zero’s two 20 mm cannon and two 7.7 mm machine guns out-gunned every other fighter in the Pacific Theatre. He works for the International Secret Police. 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